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Atlanta, Georgia
December 13, 2005
43 pages

Frances Bertha Hamburger Bunzl was born in Wiesbaden, Germany. Her father, Arthur Abraham Hamburger, was in the furniture trade. His business was later 'Aryanized' for pennies on the dollar. She had a normal childhood until she was 13 when the Nazis came to power and she was forced out of school. When she was 17 she moved to England where she worked as an au pair for a short time before returning to Germany. During Kristallnacht she was in Frankfurt working as a lab technician in the Jewish Hospital. Her father and brother, Karl August Hamburger, were arrested and taken away in the aftermath of the program although they were later released based on their promise to leave Germany immediately. Karl did leave for the United States and settled in Elberton, Georgia. In January 1939 Frances returned to England to work again as an au pair for a year while she waited for a visa to the United States. In 1940 her visa came through and she left London for New York City where she worked as a maid. Her parents followed Frances, arriving in New York via Cuba in 1941 after which they moved on to Elberton, Georgia. Frances moved on to Atlanta where she met and married Walter Henry Bunzl in 1941, the son of Viennese parents, and who himself had fled the Nazis. The Bunzls founded Bunzl Tours in 1968. Walter Bunzl was appointed to the Consulship for Austria. Frances describes her family and childhood in Weisbaden, Kristallnacht, her attempts to leave the country, her short-lived attempts to settle in England and finally her immigration to the United States, followed by her family. She describes how she slowly assimilated into American life in New York City. Frances recalls her life in Atlanta and her activities in the Jewish community with the National Council of Jewish Women and the Temple Sisterhood.

OHC-Frances Hamburger Bunzl (2)

Frances Hamburger Bunzl (1920 - ) - Oral History

37 Related Subjects

Holocaust Survivors

Emigration and Immigration

Bunzl, Frederike Hamburger (Frances), 1920-2019

Wiesbaden, Germany


Hamburger, Carl August

Hamburger, Arthur Abraham

Hamburger, Anne Kahn, 1893-

Wine Industry

Furniture Industry and Trade

Jews, German

World War, 1914-1918

Judaism--Fasts and Feasts

Judaism - Fasts and Feasts

Rosh ha-Shanah
Judaism - Fasts and Feasts; High Holidays

Yom Kippur
Judaism - Fasts and Feasts; High Holidays

United States

London (England)

Kristallnacht, 1938

New York City (N.Y.)
New York

New York

Bunzl, Walter H., 1913-1988

Elberton (Ga.)


Temple (Atlanta, Ga.)



Marx, David M., 1872-1962

Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941
World War, 1939-1945

Textile Industry

Bunzl Tours (Atlanta, Ga.)
Travel Agents

Travel Agents

National Council of Jewish Women - Atlanta Section

Girl Scouts of America
Youth - Societies and Clubs

Youth--Societies and Clubs


Wilner, Susan Irene Bunzl

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