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ACCESSION DETAIL
Audio/visual
Atlanta, Georgia
September 23, 1998
Tapes/transcript
90 pages

Bertram Ehrlich was born in Bainbridge, Georgia. The marriage of his parents, Julian Ehrlich and Rosalie Kwilecki (both from large families) largely represented the Jewish community in Bainbridge. Both families orginally came from Germany. His uncle Abraham Erhlich had a general store in which he sold fresh lobster. Julian, his father, was a pharmacist and Bertram followed in his footsteps with Ehrlich's Pharmacy after getting his education at Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Ehrlich family helped to found Temple Sinai in Bainbridge, a Reform synagogue. His mother founded the Sunday School. Other members of the Ehrlich family were cotton brokers, and owned a large plantation. The Kwileckis were prominent as well, owning dry-goods and hardware stores. Julian was a banker and served on the town council and as mayor. Lewis Ehrlich worked on the Norden bombsight which was one of the technological achievements that helped to win World War II for the Allies. Bertram married Bernice Jacobs and they had two sons (Irvin and Melvin) and a daughter Sarah. As of 1998 Bertram was the last surviving Ehrlich in Bainbridge and after his wife died in 1984 he moved to Atlanta. Bertram wrote a book called "I Remember: The Reminisces of Bertram Erhlich" which is a treasure trove of recollections about life in small town South. Bertram discusses his extended family and his own family, his childhood, intermarriage and the conversion of some of his relatives, the fate of small town stores and pharmacies in small towns, his relatives services in the United States armed forces including an uncle, Abraham, who fought in the Civil War and later died of his wounds. He discusses the founding of the synagogue and Jewish religious life in a small town (for major holidays and the like they went to Albany where Rabbi Landau presided). He recalls his relationship with Christians and Blacks and the general social life of Bainbridge (Elks, Kiwanis, etc.), the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and their activities, segregation and integration, racism and antisemitism. During World War II the Jews of Bainbridge formed the Jewish Welfare Board to help Jewish servicemen stationed nearby. He recalls small town Jewish life including religious observance and social customs.

OHC-Bertram Ehrlich

Bertram Ehrlich (1913 - 2001) - Oral History

118 Related Subjects

Albany (Ga.)
Georgia

Ehrlich, Julian, 1884-1948


Jews, German


Germany


Kwilecki, Bertha Brash, 1860-1879


Ehrlich, Abraham, 1841-1870


General Stores
Dry Goods; Department Stores

Ehrlich, Irvin


Ehrlich, Melvin


Intermarriage


Conversion


Christianity


Ehrlich, Bernice Jacobs, 1914-1984


Hytowitz, Sara Gayle Ehrlich


Ehrlich, Henry B., 1849-1929


Jewish soldiers


United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865


Ehrlich, Sigo, 1888-1937


Kwilecki, Julian G., 1889-1971


Ehrlich, Mortimer, 1894-


World War, 1914-1918


Ehrlich, Lewis


World War, 1939-1945


War Work
Civil War; World War, 1914-1918; World War, 1939-1945

Kwilecki, Isadore, 1849-1934


Kwilecki, Frances, 1880-1954


Kwilecki, Adolph, 1884-1889


Kwilecki, Ralph, 1892-1970


Quincy, Florida
Florida

Kwilecki, Max, 1885-1960


Ehrlich, Rosalie Kwilecki, 1882-1974


Kohnke, Alfred, 1897-1962


Kohnke, Grace Kwilecki, 1901-1993


Florida


Kwilecki, Grace Myers


Temple Beth El (Bainbridge, Ga.)
Synagogues

Synagogues


Kwilecki, William, 1893-1974


Kwilecki, Louise Reed


Mobile (Ala.)
Alabama

Alabama


Reform Judaism
Jewish Sects

Jewish Sects


Landau, Edmund A., Jr., 1875-1945
Rabbis

Rabbis


Jewish schools


Sunday Schools, Jewish
Religious Schools, Jewish

Bar Mitzvah
Judaism - Customs and Practices

Judaism--Customs and Practices


High Holidays
Judaism - Fasts and Feasts; Yom Kippur; Rosh Ha-Shanah

Judaism--Fasts and Feasts


Hebrew Union College (Cincinnati, Ohio)
Religious Schools, Jewish; Universities and Colleges

Kranz, Phillip N., 1943-
Rabbis

Temple Sinai (Sandy Springs, Ga.)
Synagogues

Cotton Brokers
Cotton Industry and Trade

Lumber industry and trade


Farmers


Jewish farmers


Farming
Agriculture

Plantations


Plantation Owners


Great Depression


Jews--Relations with Blacks
Blacks - Relations with Jews

Blacks--Relations with Jews
Jews - Relations with Blacks

Lynchings


Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
White Supremacy Movements

White Supremacy Movements


Antisemitism


Clubs


Youth--Societies and Clubs


Fraternal Organizations


Lions Club
Fraternal Organizations

Rotary
Clubs

Kiwanis Club
Clubs

Griffin, Marvin, 1907-1982
Politicians

Segregation


Racism


Integration


Macon (Ga.)
Georgia

United States. Army Air Forces
Armed Forces--United States

Jewish Welfare Board (Bainbridge, Ga.)


Passover
Judaism - Fasts and Feasts

Seder
Judaism - Fasts and Feasts; Passover

Middleborough, Kentucky
Kentucky

Kentucky


Tailors
Clothing Workers; Clothing Industry and Trade; Tailoring Industry and Trade

Clothing Industry and Trade


Knoxville, Tennessee
Tennessee

Tennessee


Pharmacies


Ehrlich Drug Co. (Bainbridge, Ga.)
Pharmacies

Blue laws


Lebanon, Tennessee
Tennessee

Military Education


Castle Heights Military Academy (Lebanon, Tenn.)
Military Education

McFadden, Bernard


Nashville (Tenn.)
Tennessee

New Orleans (La.)
Louisiana

Louisiana


Ehrlich, Sidney B., 1916-1989


Tulane University
Universities and Colleges

Universities and Colleges


Jews--Relations with Blacks--Domestics
Jews--Relations with Blacks--Domestics

Blacks--Relations with Jews--Domestics
Jews--Relations with Blacks--Domestics

Kosher Food
Jews - Dietary Laws

Jews--Dietary Laws


University of Florida
Universities and Colleges

Jewish Greek Letter Societies
Greek Letter Societies

Korean War, 1950-1953


Ehrlich, Bertram, 1913-2001


Bainbridge (Ga.)
Georgia

Georgia


Ehrlich, Sarah Breitenbach, 1858-1958


Tailoring Industry and Trade
Clothing Industry and Trade; Tailors; Clothing Workers

Clothing Workers


Agriculture


Cotton Industry and Trade


Hardware Industry and Trade


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