Murray Lynn was born in Bilke, Hungary (now part of the Ukraine). His mother was named Rosa and his father was named Abraham. He had three brothers: Herman, Eli and Joseph. His father was arrested by the Hungarian fascists, the Arrow Cross, and was executed in 1942. In April 1944 the rest of the family was driven from their home, sent to a temporary ghetto and then to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Murray was the sole survivor of the selection on the ramp. He was fourteen. His mother and three younger brothers were all sent to the gas chambers. Murray survived the murderous labor and conditions in Auschwitz-Birkenau (Monowitz). As the Russians neared Monowitz he was marched out deeper into western Germany, where he was liberated by the Americans in April 1945. Murray was very near death and so is not sure if the camp where he was finally liberated was Buchenwald. As soon as he could travel Murray returned to Bilke to find everything gone and someone else living in his family's home. Only his father's brother returned from the camps and after a few months Murray resolved to leave Bilke and Europe forever. Getting out of Europe required crossing several borders illegally. Murray finally ended up in Bratislava, Slovakia after which he left for Dublin, Ireland in 1947 intending to settle in England. But his plans changed and In 1948 he arrived in the United States where he pursued an advanced education and eventually became a prosperous business man. He settled in Atlanta in 1956 and married Sonia. Murray discusses his family and childhood, Jewish life in Bilke, antisemitism, the terror visited on his family by the Hungarian fascists and then the Germans, the death of his father and the deportation of the rest of the family to Auschwitz-Birkenau, the conditions in Auschwitz-Birkenau (Monowitz) and the final death march into Germany. He recalls his travels across Europe after liberation, including the sad return to his family home, his departure first for Ireland and then the United States and his subsequent life in America.
OHC-Murray Lynn (1)
Murray Lynn (1930 - ) - Oral History