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ACCESSION DETAIL
Audio visual
Atlanta, Georgia
July 2, 2008
DVD/Transcript
39 pages
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Renate Bial Hedges was born in Gleiwitz, Germany. Her father was Fritz and her mother was Lucie. Fritz owned a brick factory. After his death in 1929 Lucie rented the factory out for income. The family was moderately religious, keeping the Sabbath and major holidays. Renate went to a private school called the Eichendorf Oberlyzeum until the family could not longer afford it and she then attended the Carin Goering Middle School. In Carin Goering Middle School antisemitism was the order of the day, although the principal tried to keep it to a minimum. Renate and Lucie moved to Breslau, Germany in 1936/1937 to stay with Lucie's mother, Berta Ostrowski Schenkalowski. In Breslau Renate experienced Kristallnacht. During the night she and her mother hid out in a half-Jewish hotel and a friend took her grandmother in. The next morning when Renate went to school she stepped on broken glass all over the sidewalks and witnessed the New Synagogue on fire. After that, Renate and Lucie focused on getting out of Germany. Her father's brothers, Kurt and Richard, had fled Germany already. Kurt managed to get to Britain where he sponsored both Renate and Lucie to come there as domestic servants. Renate left for England on a kindertransport as a chaperone and Lucie left a short while later to become a domestic for Kurt Bial. Both escaped just before the Gestapo began threatening them about their presence in Breslau. Berta, her grandmother, had to stay behind while they worked to get her out, but to no avail. (Berta, who lost her eyesight, was eventually deported to Theresienstadt and then Treblinka where she was murdered.) In England Renate lived through the Blitz and later the V-1 rocket attacks on the capitol. They moved around England, seeking to find a place where the bombs were not falling every night, but Renate said: "The Germans followed." After the rout and evacuation of British and French soldiers from the continent at Dunkirk in May/June 1940, the British declared all foreigners living in Britian to be "enemy aliens." Kurt and her brother, Wolfgang, were arrested and sent to the Isle of Man. Renate and her mother were left alone. Kurt and Wolfgang were put on a ship and sent to Australia. She learned English while working as an au pair girl for a English woman, who refused to let her use German. As a result, Renate learned English in three months. Renate went to work in the war industry in Britain, holding very responsible jobs. After the war Renate moved to Canada where she met her husband, Robert Hedges, and they settled down. In 1996 she came to Atlanta which her daughter and her husband, where she worked until recently. Renate recalls her life in Germany, her flight to England, the war years and the fate of her family and friends, and her life in Canada and the United States.

OHC-Renate Bial Hedges

Renate Bial Hedges - Oral History Collection

86 Related Subjects

Hedges, Renate Bial


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)


Holocaust Survivors


Germany


Gleiwitz, Germany
Germany

Gliwice, Poland
Poland

Breslau, Germany
Germany

Wrocław (Poland)
Poland

Bial, Lucie Ostrowska


Brickmaking


Brickmakers


Bial, Fritz, -1929


Bial, Wolfgang


Bial, Kurt


Bial, Richard


Public Schools


Jewish soldiers


World War, 1939-1945


World War, 1914-1918


Ochs, Samuel M., 1886-1942
Rabbis

Rabbis, Female
Rabbis

Eichendorf Oberlyzeum - Gleiwitz, Germany


Private Schools


Antisemitism--Germany
Antisemitism

Patria (ship)
Ship

Kristallnacht, 1938


Germany - Police Forces. Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo)
National Socialism

National Socialism


Emigration and Immigration


Great Britain


Enemy Aliens (Britain)


Isle of Man


Kindertransports
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Palestina Amt (Palestine Bureau)


Jewish refugees
Refugees

London (England)
England

England


Hoek van Holland, Holland
Holland

Harwich, England
England

Rose, Alma (1906 - 1944)


Rose, Arnold


Music - Performances


Jewish musicians


Dunkirk, Battle of, France, 1940
World War, 1939-1945

Barrage balloons


Air raids, German


Britain, Battle of, Great Britain, 1940
World War, 1939-1945

Blitz - Great Britain (1940, 1941)
World War, 1939-1945; Great Britain; Air raids - German

V-1 Rockets


Bradford, England
England; Great Britain

Schenkalowski, Berta Ostrowski ( - 1942)


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Deportations


Theresienstadt (Ghettos: Czechoslovakia)
World War, 1939-1945; Ghettos: Czechoslovakia

Treblinka (Death Camps: Poland)
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945); Death Camps: Poland

War Work
Civil War; World War, 1914-1918; World War, 1939-1945

Coventry, England


Sheffield, England
England; Great Britain

Leicester, England
England; Great Britain

Oadby, England
England; Great Britain

English Language--Study and Teaching--Foreign Speakers
Languages

V-E Day, 1945
World War, 1939-1945

Canada


Hedges, Robert


HMT Dunera (ship)
Ships

Internment Camps
Enemy Aliens

Antisemitism--Austria
Antisemitism

Die Sturmer (newspaper)
Newspapers; Germany

Cobb County Sheriff's Department (Marietta, Ga.)


Slawinska, Hannah Prager


World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--France--Normandy


Camp X (Whitby, Ont.)


Heydrich, Reinhard, 1904-1942--Assassination


Hoffman, Hilda Kohn


Kohn, Ernst (Dr.)


Kochmann, Artur


Rinzetti, Suse Kochmann


Auschwitz-Birkenau (Concentration Camps: Poland)
World War, 1939-1945; Concentration Camps: Poland

Concentration Camps: Poland
World War, 1939-1945

Kugeltopf (Jewish cake)


Jewish cookery


Kaufmann, Julius


Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965


Enigma cipher system


Paula Ohlendorff School - Breslau, Germany


Star of David


Operation Neptune
World War, 1939-1945

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